Hydroponic Terms

Growing With Hydroponics

Essential Words for Hydroponics.

The following are chosen words, not comprehensive by any length, but may be helpful to those curious about hydroponics. These are a collection of words that may come in handy.

Aeroponics
Aeroponics is a hydroponics system which could grow crops with or without soil. Air and nutrients are emphasized.

AQUAPONICS
A hydroponic system used to farm fish only.

BACTERIA
Organism with one cell, could destroy plants. The farmer must pay attention to eliminate bacteria when they are noticed

BALLAST
Ballast could be found in HID, and metal halide used to provide light to the plants.

BIENNIAL PLANTS
These are plants that can stay alive for two years, the flowering stage does not present for at least two years.

BIOLOGICAL INSECT CONTROL
when on type of insects is used to kill off another insect variety.

BULB LIGHTING
The kind of light used to light indoor hydroponics.

CARBON-DIOXIDE(c02)
Usually found in the atmosphere, and very important for green house.

(CONVERTIBLE)SWITCHABLE BALLAST
A lighting box used to provide different levels of light to the indoor plants, by switching, e.g from metal halide HID.

DAY LENGTH
Period of light exposure usually enough for photosynthesis.

DAY NEUTRAL PLANTS
Those plants that will bloom and flower despite light limitation.

DISEASE
When there is a physiological situation that can harm the existence of a plant.

DRIP IRRIGATION
This type of irrigation is used to feed the plant and will usually drip down to the plants at a measured pressure.

FOLIAR FEEDING
When a nutrient mist, usually containing a good amount of fertilizer, this system will direct the nutrients to the leaves of the plant.

GERMINATE
When seeds placed under the ground begin to sprout, the process is called germination.

HYDROPONICS
The system of farming without soil.

INFECTION
The penetration of pathogen into the plant, and it makes no difference if that plant is sickened or not.

INSECTICIDAL SOAP
A mixture soap that can be used to destroy insects such as mites and other bugs that may harm a crop.

LIMESTONE
This is a rock that has a reasonable amount of carbonate and magnesium.

LUMEN
A measure of light output, usually measured on one foot.

MATURATION
When a fruit or crop is fully riped.

MIST
A mixture of nutrients with water that could be applied directly to a plant or crop.

NITROGEN
One of the nutrients that could be used to feed a plant. Nitrogen contains such nutrient materials like protein, amino acids and enzymes.

OXYGEN (02)
A gas necessary for the maintenance of life. 02 is used by all living things.

PERLITE
A growing media used to provide anchor to the roots of crops and plants. Perlite takes the place of soil in hydroponic farming.

PEST
All pathogenic elements that can harm the plant or the crop.

PESTICIDE
Used to kill harmful organs.

PH
This simply stands for the percent of hydrogen in the water, for water to be pure it must have the same amount of hydrogen and hydroxide ions.

PHOSPHOROUS(P)
A nutrient used to feed plants, contains such ingredients like nucleic acid.

POTASSIUM(K)
Another nutrient used to feed plants, without potassium, the plant will look sick. Potassium helps plant fight diseaes.

RIPE
When a fruit is fully mature, especially for consumption.

ROOT
Usually an intricate anchoring system that plants use to search for nutrients, and support itself. But in hydroponics, roots could be misted directly to the roots for better absorption.

SOCKET ASSEMBLY
For example, the modus socket used in hydroponic lighting system for metal halide.

SOW
To plant, to put under the ground with expectation to grow.

TOXICITY
When a plant is poisoned.

VEGETATIVE
When a plant is developing roots and leaves